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Let’s Talk About Animals in Lake Michigan

In this article, we will explore some of the answers to most of your questions about the animal situation in Michigan. The information you find online may not be complete. They could be misleading. They could even be maddeningly confusing. Why trust any information about whatever you find online when everything you see on the web is biased? Everything online is prone to lies. Everything you read could be something that tries to upsell you. People have products to sell, and online is the best marketplace. This is not what we are going to do in this article. We will answer your questions because it matters to us. Snakes are dangerous, and you have to avoid them. If you’re in Michigan and you really want to avoid snakes, this article should help.

Are There Snakes In Lake Michigan?

This is an essential question for those who are afraid of snakes, and the complete simple answer is: yes. There are snakes in lakes of Michigan. In fact, this article can be dissolved into one summary, and that is to say that Michigan is full of snakes! The exclamation mark is needed. You should not believe articles that will tell you that there are no snakes in Michigan. Reliable sources show that there are. This is the reason you should be careful, try to avoid snakes and don’t go alone in uncharted lakes. Lakes in Michigan will be filled with snakes. You should better be safe than sorry.

One of the snakes you can see in Michigan is the Black Rat Snake. This snake belongs to the species Elaphe obsoleta obsolete. You can most likely find this snake in the Southern Lower Peninsula. This snake is also found near woodlands. These snakes are also protected by state law because they are rare. The Michigan DNR took care of these snakes and categorized them as special concern. It’s also reassuring to know that these snakes won’t harm you. They’re non-venomous. They’re harmless to humans, and these might be the biggest snake you can find in any Michigan lake.

Another snake that you can find in Michigan is the Blue Racer. This fish is under the Coluber constrictor fox species. It is 4 to 6 feet in its entire length, and you can see them all throughout Michigan’s Lower Peninsula. You can also find this snake in Upper Peninsula, and it also inhabits in variety of areas in the woods. This snake can also be found in marshes and meadows. Right now the number of Blue Racers is decreasing, even if they’re not harmful. They might bite you, but they’re not venomous. They just attack when they feel threatened.

What Is The Largest Fish In Lake Michigan?

This is a hard question to answer because Michigan fishers like to boast. They will always brag about the fish they caught. They will brag that what they have is the biggest one out there. That’s understandable. In the official records, though, the most significant fish caught in Michigan is still the Lake Sturgeon, which is around 193 pounds. That’s too big for one family to eat. It’s something you can brag about to your friends over beer. It could even be called a monster. You probably won’t be able to get this fish by yourself. People say that fish could be sent from God to remind us who’s the boss. In Michigan, people could even say that the fish is there to scare the people around. Whatever you believe, this fish is the largest to be caught, and the challenge is still up for others to beat.

There are other significant fish that have been caught. Some of them include the 58-pound Great Lakes Muskellunge and 49.75-pound Northern Muskellunge. There was also a record of a 6.51.19-pound Tiger Musky caught in Michigan. How’s that for fishing in Michigan lakes?

What Kind of Animals Live In Michigan?

Boy, is this a big question. There’s a lot of answers to this. Where do we even start? Well, we could start by listing here the Pacific Salmon species that people use as trophy fish. There’s also a lot of Cochon salmon in Michigan. This is a Pacific species that was imported and stocked in Michigan way back in 1966. There’s also a lot of rainbow trout, small-mouth bass, brown trout and walleye in Michigan Lakes.

A rainbow trout is also called a steelhead. It’s a lake-strain fish, which is a non-native trout. A small-mouth bass is native species in the cool water, and it’s intolerant of pollution. This means that if a lake has small-mouth bass, then it’s a clean lake. A brown trout is just a European species of fish that got introduced in the late 1880s. Stocking and lamprey control are the factors that brought these fish into a resurgence.

A walleye is also another good fish that you can find in a Michigan lake. These fish are carnivorous feeders who prey at night, and they eat fish, such as yellow perch and insects, snails, crayfish, and mudpuppies. You can also find a few burbot in a Michigan lake. Deepwater sculpin, slimy sculpin, rainbow smelt, bloater and Alewife are also the other fish that you can find while exploring any lake in the area.

There are also a lot of amphipods, larval insects, worms, native raptorial water fleas, calanoid copepods, zooplankton, mollusks, and quagga mussels on the lakes of Michigan. It’s rich diversity in the lakes of Michigan. There are lots of animals to explore. Those who want to study the rich biodiversity in the world could start in Michigan.

Are There Catfish In Lake Michigan?

There are some sites about Michigan that indicate the existence of Catfish in Lake Michigan. There was, in fact, one guy who was reported to have pulled out an 8lb 5oz Channel Catfish straight from the Montrose lake. There is also a report indicating that people have seen a strongly forked tail in Michigan lakes. Channel Catfish is one common type of fish found in the area, including the lakes inland and medium rivers. There are even stories of flat heads in Michigan. However, there’s government regulation that people are not allowed to catch catfish, though. This is enough reason for people to avoid catching the fish without permission from authorities.

Are There Otters In Lake Michigan?

There are online reports saying that there have been sightings of Otters in Lake Michigan. However, it’s not an animal commonly seen in Michigan lakes.

Are There Turtles In Lake Michigan?

There are known turtles living in Lake Michigan. Some of the turtles include Blanding’s turtle, Common Musk turtle, and Snapping Turtle. A Blanding turtle is a species that receive special consideration in Michigan. There are also red-eared sliders, spiny soft-shell turtles, and eastern box turtles in Michigan.  Wood turtles can also be found.

What Fish Can You Catch In Lake Michigan?

There is a lot of fish varieties you can catch in Lake Michigan. Some of them include Atlantic Salmon, Brook Trout, Brown Trout, Chinook Salmon, Coho Salmon and Lake Trout. You can also find Crappies and Bullheads in most Michigan lakes. These fish are lovely to catch, but you should always be careful. The authorities charge penalties for catching fish that are not allowed. You should still support the local authorities. They do their best to help save the environment. Their policies are there for people to stop abusing the lakes.

from LIVNFRESH http://blog.livnfresh.com/what-animals-will-i-find-in-lake-michigan/

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Did You See Us Mentioned on Fox 2?

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How Many Gallons in Lake Michigan and Other Facts

The Great Lakes are called so with good reason. Lake Superior, Michigan, Erie, Ontario, and Erie make up the largest body of freshwater in the world. It’s one thing to say that it’s the largest, but it’s another to state the numbers. Here are the measurements of this titanic, majestic, and especially attractive lake.

How Many Gallons of Water are there in Lake Michigan

Before we give you an answer, let’s put things into perspective. A gallon is around 16 glasses of water, twice the recommended amount you should drink in a day. A pool normally has around 3,000 to 10,000 gallons of water. That’s a whole lot of water to play and swim with. Olympic sized swimming pools have 660,430 gallons of water in them, enough to fill a, well, Olympic sized swimming pool. That amount is already bigger than usual fishing ponds. Some lakes have millions of gallons of water in them, but what about the Great Lakes?

Hundred million is not enough to measure it. Five billion gallons of water is still not enough. Is it starting to sound ridiculous? How about One trillion? One hundred trillion? Nope.

Lake Michigan, according to satellite measurements and formulas, holds One Quadrillion gallons of water. That’s 1,000,000,000,000,000 gallons of life-giving, weather altering, fish-loving water. It’s so vast that in order to raise the lake’s water level just by one inch, it would take around 400 Billion gallons of water. It really puts storms into perspective when a hurricane can raise the water level by a feet or two. Makes you realize how much rain these storms pour.

On the opposite side, Lake Michigan somehow mysteriously shrunk. The water levels dropped more than two feet. That’s half a trillion gallons of water vanishing in a short span of time. Some blamed the sun shining too much, others blamed the rains for not pouring enough. Geologists put themselves together and theorized that small underwater channels deep in the lake bottom opened, draining a huge amount of water.

Here’s a fun fact: For every inch the lake loses, all cargo ships must lighten their load by 100 tons, otherwise they would touch the lake ground. Think how much they needed to lose when it dropped 2 feet.

Is Lake Michigan Frozen?

Frozen lakes are asking for people to go on ice-skating, ice fishing, ice camping, and pretty much any other usual recreation done on land, except this time on ice. Some lakes have icy surfaces up to a foot deep, making it near impossible to collapse under the weight of ice-loving recreationists.

In the case of Lake Michigan, people ask if the lake freezes during winter time. The lake has such a large span and depth, not to mention, amount of water that it may not be enough for ice to take over.

Thankfully, Lake Michigan freezes. Not completely though, but enough to freeze the shores around it, where it counts. On average, 50% of the lake freezes during the coldest parts of winter, and in the 1900s, factors aligned just right that nearly 95% of the lake was frozen over.

Even though it’s not frozen, the unfrozen waters around Lake Michigan are a bitter 5-10 degrees Celsius or 25-40 degrees Fahrenheit. These means without immediate help, hypothermia can set in a matter of seconds.

Is Lake Michigan Saltwater?

Though people may quickly answer that calling it a lake, automatically makes it freshwater. There are some exceptions though, as the Great Salt Lake is among these land-locked saltwater bodies of water.

Others may argue that since the great lakes connect to rivers that spill into the sea, it could be said that some of the seas go into the lake, turning it salty, or at least semi-salty. There are parts around the rivers surrounding the great lakes and estuaries, where fresh and saltwater mix.

Lake Michigan is not saltwater. Though the salt levels are a tad bit higher than other lakes, it’s not enough to be classified as saltwater. You can taste the water and it may taste a bit salty, but that could be unique to the area, as some parts of the lake have rock salt around them.

This very fact makes it near impossible for saltwater denizens like sharks and whales to inhabit Lake Michigan. There is still a possibility, but if ever a whale gets lost in this lake, the poor creature wouldn’t last very long. For sharks, there are rumors that Bull Sharks can survive and inhabit freshwater, but so far, there has been zero shark sightings and attacks, and even if you’re a bull shark or a small, young whale who happened to find a river that connects to one of the great lakes, it would be very difficult for you to find your way to lake Michigan.

How Deep is the Deepest Part of Lake Michigan?

If not for the land surrounding the lake, it’s sheer size and amount of water can already be considered a freshwater see. Lake Michigan is so close to downtown Chicago that it becomes a popular diving spot. With that said, how deep is Lake Michigan?

The deepest part of Lake Michigan is 922 feet deep, or 153 fathoms. If you can’t put that into perspective, there are several, large container ships that have sunk in the lake. This deepest point is around the center of the lake.

In comparison, the average depth of Lake Michigan is around 279 feet deep, or 46 fathoms. Thankfully though, the depth of the lake is rather gradual. You’ll find yourself walking a good few meters out from the shore before it’s more than 10 feet deep.

Around the center of Michigan is the spot where people go freshwater diving. The calm and relatively cool waters are perfect for beginner deep-sea divers and those who want to hone their hobbies.

Anglers also challenge themselves by going deep cold water fishing in these parts. There are a few fish that mainly inhabit the deeper parts such as the deepwater sculpin, but it’s also home to many common fish such as the King or Chinook Salmon, the Coho Salmon, the occasional Atlantic Salmon, and the elusive Cisco species.

Unlike the ocean, where deep-sea animals take on fascinating, colorful and scary shape, the bottom of the lake is mostly flat bedrock with all manner of brown moss and all the wastes of living things from up above. The only thing scary in this lake is that the pressure at the bottom is 3.7 Megapascals. That’s equal to 536 pounds per square inch. So at any moment, you’re being crushed with about the weight of a large gorilla, or a piano.

What is the Size of Lake Michigan, Why isn’t it Called a Sea?

If it was saltwater, it could be called the sea. Yet, it’s called a lake, a great lake. The lake’s salinity is slightly higher than typical lakes, but not enough to be called a sea. The water is classified as “brackish”. One exception is the Caspian Sea. Like the sea, it’s vast, but the salinity of the water is half that of the ocean. The Caspian sea is also the largest lake in the whole world, but the argument is still up whether it should be called a lake or a sea.

How does Lake Michigan stand up to the largest lake/sea in the world? The Caspian sea has the surface area of 371,000 square kilometers. That’s 1030 kilometers long and 435 kilometers wide. It also has the depth of 3360 ft.

Lake Michigan is rather small by comparison, only having a 58,030 square kilometer area. That’s 494 kilometers long and 190 kilometers wide, with its deepest at 922 feet. Yet, in perspective, it’s enough to have more than 300 boats on it without anyone complaining about space, and have a vast population of fish, enough to keep the hundreds of anglers happy every week, and still have enough to breed for the next generation.

That’s some of the measurements and numbers of this majestic lake. There are more numbers to be considered if you ask how much fishes are there at any given time, how much money the surrounding cities make with their business, you can even ask how many people have mysteriously vanished around the lake. One thing remains the same. Lake Michigan and the four other great lakes have given life and livelihood to everyone around it. We need to do our part to make sure the lakes are healthy, and of course, enjoy ourselves in the process. It’s one of mother nature’s gifts and we should care for it for centuries to come.

For more Michigan fun, check out of Michigan Hang Loose collection.

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Fauna of Lake Michigan FAQ

Lake Michigan is as mysterious as it is majestic. Its influence over the lands around it are so significant that every ebb and flow of this titanic lake affects them in so many ways, including the weather. A hot day that would otherwise toast the denizens near the lake can turn into a cloudy, drizzly, and more importantly, cool afternoon.

The lake provides hundreds of recreational venues, both for open water fishing and swimming, so a lot of people wonder how safe the waters are, and how safe the fish are, both for eating and swimming with.

Are there Sharks in Lake Michigan?

There are two stories as to why this is always asked. Before that, let’s confirm some facts.

  • Sharks can only be found in salt water

This means the ocean and everywhere else that has large bodies of saltwater, short of the dead sea. Even if someone is cruel enough to put a live, healthy shark in the lake, the poor thing would not survive for more than a day. There is an exception, however.

  • Their survival has something to do with “Osmoregulation”

Sharks drink through the skin of their cells. They have mechanisms in their body that ensures only water passes and the salt is kept somewhere else to be dumped off. A bit of salt is kept to ensure that they keep the water in their bodies. The balance of water inside them and the salt outside them is called Osmoregulation. If a shark is placed in freshwater, their bodies will take in too much water and not enough salt, overhydration occurs and kills them.

  • The exception are Bull Sharks.

Bull sharks can rapidly adapt to a freshwater environment. Their kidneys can adjust to the salinity of the water, or lack thereof. Some bull sharks can be found thriving in estuaries, where salt and freshwater mix. It’s somewhat possible for a bull shark to swim through the St. Lawrence river and make its way to Lake Michigan. The chances of it, however is so low.

The two stories, (among a few others) behind it was the one where a young gentleman, George Lawson was attacked by a shark while swimming in the lake back in 1955. The bite was definitely ugly but it was non-fatal, and it’s still unconfirmed if it’s indeed a bull shark.

The other is about someone who caught a 3,000 pound shark in Lake Michigan. Supposedly a 3K pound Great White Shark. The shark was apparently responsible for hundreds of people who disappeared in the lake. First of all, 3000 is thrice the normal weight of a Great White, and unlike bull sharks, they can’t survive in the fresh waters. Great Whites hunt by rapidly swimming upward, directly below the prey. So if it does exist, people would definitely not miss a titanic great white shark bursting up the water along with it’s unfortunate, and horribly surprised prey.

The story was axed from the website where it was originally posted, but the cool and scary myth lives on. So, are there bull sharks in Lake Michigan? No, and if there was ever one, it wouldn’t be in fighting form, let alone hunting. However, that doesn’t necessarily mean it’d be impossible to encounter dangerous sea life in Lake Michigan. Either way, don’t fall for tricky video edits that show (or talk about) dangerous sharks in Lake Michigan – it’s just sensational fear mongering:

Are there Whales in Lake Michigan?

There’s a chance that you’ve seen tourist websites about whale-watching in Lake Michigan. The majestic and awe-inducing experience of seeing these leviathans swim and breach the lake surface, creating a splash unrivaled by any human cannonball diver.

For one, there were whales in the Lake, except, they are below the sediments, below the ground and exists as petrified bones. There was evidence that during ancient times, the entirety of Chicago was still under the ocean and whales happily called it their home.

Presently, there are no whales in Lake Michigan and if you did see a website, it’s a delightfully well-made fabrication, as confessed by their still-giggling creators. Whales can only be seen in the ocean and the only exception is the freshwater dolphins, which is a bit of a genetic drift away from whales. So you’re not going to spot a whale in Lake Michigan, just like the girls in the following video discovered:

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The reason why whales cannot live in freshwater for long is the same way sharks can’t, due to the way their bodies are adapted to the saltwater. Furthermore, a great majority of their diet, like krill and plankton, are only found in huge bodies of saltwater.

What Fish is in Lake Michigan?

There are hundreds of species of fish in this huge, magnificent lake, but we can tell you the popular ones, ones that you’d like to see, catch, and perhaps, eat.

Are there Salmon in Lake Michigan?

Yes. These delicious fish, prized by both bear and men swim abundantly in these lakes. They come in several species, some of them were introduced into the lake artificially but soon made themselves right at home. In general, salmons are tastier if caught in saltwater. They go through a transformation when they reach freshwater rivers and often lose their unique flavor.

  • Coho Salmon

Mostly found near the Platte River, but can be caught everywhere else in the entire lake. These were one of the species that was artificially introduced during the 1800s. The attempts failed several times, but eventually, they came to inhabit the lake.

  • Pink Salmon

Perhaps the tastiest of all the Salmon. Their fatty pink meat is fragrant and with proper preparation, can be eaten raw sashimi style. They are mostly seen near the rivers surrounding the lake but can be caught in the open waters. Like all salmons, they go through a rapid transformation just before their mating, but male pink salmons tend to have a humped back and hooked jaw.

  • Atlantic Salmon

These fish are fighters. They will jump, they will resist, they will pull, and they can hit you in the face. Not something a novice angler should tackle, but it could be a rich learning experience. It’s argued that the best place to catch them are near the tributaries, where they begin to gather and prepare for mating. They may be tough, but there’s something tougher.

  • Chinook Salmon

They are often called King Salmon and for good reason. They are the largest species of Salmon in the lake. Their weight and energy has caused many bitter angler tears to drop but provides great sport for those with the energy and patience to reel them in. They are rather photosensitive so only expect them in shallow water if the conditions are cloudy.

Are there Trout in Lake Michigan?

There are several species of trout in the great lake. Most trouts like cool, moving water and are often very particular about the water quality. They are finicky predators, but in general, respond well to artificial bait.

  • Brook Trout

Brook trouts are sensitive to water quality, so you’ll find them clustered in specific areas. You’ll usually find them on the rivers, sometimes close to the mouths that enter the lake. They aren’t hard to catch and respond to a great variety of bait. It’s worth noting that the areas where they are found have strict regulations, so look them up.

  • Brown Trout

One of the more prized trouts, this spotty brown fish swims more along the deeper rivers around the great lakes. They are photosensitive, which means they often hide when the sun is up. They are most cooperative under low-light conditions, or at night, especially during insect mating and hatching seasons such as that of the mayfly. They respond well to any bait that makes a troubled splash.

  • Lake Trout

The dethroned kings of the great lakes. Lake trout were once the alpha predators of the lakes until their salmon competition arrived. Like King Salmon, Lake trout are perhaps the largest among the trout denizens of the lake and can put up a fight. They usually dwell in deeper waters, but on places with clearer, cleaner water, they tend to swim in shallower depths.

  • Rainbow Trout

The prized lake fish of Michigan. Known for the iridescent, oily sheen on its scales. There are two “types” of these fish. One is the actual rainbow trout that makes it’s home and breeding grounds in fresh water. The other is called a steelhead, which migrates to the ocean to mature, then come back to fresh waters to mate and reproduce. They are essentially the same, they just have different lifestyles.

Other Noteworthy Fish

  • Largemouth and Smallmouth Bass

If there was a fish that was so well appreciated for the sport it provides, it’s the Bass. Part of the sunfish family, (no, not the gigantic ocean ones) These fish are known for being attracted to a majority of artificial lures and the fight they give when being reeled in.

One of their cousins, the common sunfish, is one of the easiest fishes to catch. Often it’s the first fish any beginner anglers catch.

  • The Lake Sturgeon

What is the largest fish in Lake Michigan? That’s the Lake Sturgeon. This ancient fish grow at 8 feet long on average and weigh a whopping 200 pounds. Instead of scales, they have a tough carapace, almost like armor. Despite their size and intimidating looks, they don’t have teeth and are happy to suck up food from the gravels and stones.

Is it Safe to Eat Fish From Lake Michigan?

You either fish for sport, or for food. All of the fish mentioned here are edible, provided you prepare them well, and you’re not allergic to them. It’s worth mentioning though that at some time a decade ago, fish were contaminated with chemicals such as pesticides, which reside in their fat. It’s much, much less of a risk now, but for safe measure, many people cut the skin and fat.

But in general, yes, Michigan Lake Sport Fish are safe to eat.

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The Wonderful Lakes of Michigan

With 11,000 lakes and 64,980 inland lakes and ponds, the state of Michigan has the longest freshwater coastline in the world. In every part of the state, there is a natural body of water not far from it. Big or small, deep or shallow, if you’re in the mood for some freshwater adventure, Michigan has it in spades.

All their lakes and other bodies of water are unique in their own way. Some are larger, some have a more active ecosystem, and some are perfect for hanging out in the sun. Let’s look at some of the great and wonderful lakes of Michigan.

What is the Largest Inland Lake in Michigan?

Measuring 7.5 square miles, the Houghton Lake is the largest inland lake in Michigan. It’s found in Roscommon County, Michigan. It measures 7 and a half miles from north to south and 4 and a half miles across its widest point. To give a better idea, Houghton Lake is as large as 241 Olympic swimming pools combined.

Houghton Lake was named after the state’s first geologist, Douglass Houghton. The lake gets its waters from Cut River that connects it to Higgins Lake. Houghton Lake’s waters flow to Muskegon River in return. The lake is rich with underwater life, offering nearly every specie of game that can be found in Michigan. Fishing enthusiasts will have fun catching yellow perch, largemouth bass, northern pike, and many other fish in the lake.

Locals and tourists enjoy their time on the Houghton Lake by fishing, kayaking, jet skiing and much more recreational water activity. Annual events in Michigan are held along the lake’s shores, including the Tip-Up-Town USA, a large winter sports festival. Tip-Up-Town is held for two weekends during January. Weddings and other private events are also held along the beautiful shorelines of Houghton Lake.

With its beauty, innumerable underwater life, and countless activities to be enjoyed on its shores and in the water, Houghton Lake is a wonderful place to spend with family and friends!

What is the Deepest Lake in Michigan?

The deepest part of a swimming pool is, more often than not, 7 feet. That’s deep enough to make some of us paddle desperately to keep our heads up in the water. Now, imagine a lake that’s nearly 200 times deeper than a regular swimming pool and you’ll get Lake Superior.

At its deepest point, Lake Superior is 1,332 feet deep. Due to its depth, it’s rare for the lake to completely be frozen. It’s located on the Upper Peninsula of Michigan and is shared by Minnesota, Wisconsin, and the Canadian province of Ontario. Not only is it the deepest lake in Michigan, it is also considered as the largest freshwater lake in the world when it comes to the surface area. It stretches up to 31,700 square miles and has a water volume of 2,900 cubic miles. This makes it the third largest freshwater lake by volume in the world. It certainly deserves its name.

During the Colonial period, Lake Superior was a major route for many trading activities. Even today, it’s still the main shipping hub. Its ecosystem consists of roughly 80 species of fish including trout and salmon. Even aquatic plants are flourishing within and along its shoreline.

The lakes picturesque shoreline makes it a popular destination for tourists and locals. Vacationers can enjoy the day in the sun in the lake’s ocean-like beaches. With its pristine waters, Lake Superior is truly a sight of wonder.

Where is Bear Lake Michigan?

Located in Manistee County, Bear Lake is only 24 feet deep and 2.75 square miles. Bear Lake is also the name of the village located in the southern area of the lake.

Numerous species of fish can be found in the depths of this lake. Anglers will have a good time catching yellow perch, largemouth bass, northern pike, and others. Locals and tourists can enjoy golfing, bike rides, and numerous shops on the shores of the lake.

While Bear Lake is small compared to other popular lakes in Michigan, the natural life and activities along its water and shores make it a must-see.

Where is Crystal Lake in Michigan?

Crystal Lake is located in Benzie County, Michigan. It’s around 40 square kilometers and it’s 165 feet deep at its deepest point.

Crystal Lake is located near Lake Michigan. In 1873, a channel was opened to connect Crystal Lake with Lake Michigan. At the time, Crystal Lake was higher than Lake Michigan. When the channel opened, Crystal Lake’s level dropped for roughly 20 feet. This drop gave way for sandy beaches along its shores.

Resorts and beaches along Crystal Lakes make it a popular destination. Not to mention its pristine clear waters set it apart from many others. Sailing and fishing is also a popular activity over its waters. In fact, the Michigan Department of Natural Resources claims that Crystal Lake offers the best fishing experiences for anglers in the state.

Where is Lake Orion Michigan?

Lake Orion is found in the Orion Township in Oakland County, Michigan. It’s 506 acres in surface area and 80 feet deep at its deepest point. Its area was formed by smaller lakes combined over time.

Several islands can be found in Lake Orion. These islands are for popular waterfront residences. Anglers can enjoy fishing largemouth bass, crappie, northern pike, rainbow trout, and other fish. Along with its shore, beaches and recreational areas are enjoyed by both locals and tourists.

Where is Fife Lake Michigan?

With two islands inside the lake, Fife Lake spans 617 acres. It’s located in Grand Traverse County in Michigan. At its deepest point, it’s around 55 feet deep.

It boasts many fish species for anglers, such as northern pike, rock bass, walleye, yellow perch, and more. Vacationers will also love swimming in its beaches and boating. The lake’s shores are also popular for picnics and camping.

And if you’re planning to go on the water during the colder season, make sure to bring along a warm sweatshirt that also shows off your love of Michigan.

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Fantastic Fishes in Lake Michigan and How to Catch Them

With the name derived from the Ojibwe word that means “great water”, Lake Michigan lives up to that moniker. It’s one of the five Great Lakes of North America and the only one of them that is entirely within the United States. Lake Michigan is bordered by Michigan, Illinois, Indiana, and Wisconsin.

Lake Michigan has a water volume of 1,180 cubic miles and surface area of 22,404 square miles. It also has an impressive depth and a seafloor worth exploring.  With this much water, the aquatic life in Lake Michigan is flourishing. Countless of species of fish thrive in Lake Michigan, some of them being rare finds. This makes Lake Michigan an exciting destination for anglers. This is especially true considering just how many species call Lake Michigan home.

What Kind of Fish can you Catch in Lake Michigan?

Fishing is a relaxing and rewarding hobby. Many enjoy catching game with their friends and families. It’s a great way to bond with the open waters and the people you love.

So, what species of fish are in Lake Michigan? Here are some of the popular aquatic life that you can catch.

Atlantic Salmon

Atlantic salmon are known for their leaping and fighting ability. This makes them an exciting fish to catch. The Atlantic salmon were named from their home range in the Northern Atlantic Ocean.

They are among the largest salmon species in the world. At the adult age, Atlantic salmon average at 71 to 76 centimeters in length and 3.6 to 5.4 kilogram in weight. The heaviest Atlantic salmon recorded was netted in 1960 in Scotland. It weighed 49.44 kilograms. The longest fish that was caught was in 1925 in Norway, measuring at 160.65 centimeters in length.

Atlantic salmon provide a challenge to fishermen. They are known to jump, make a fast escape when hooked, and even walk on the surface of water by its tail. To catch them, bait, hoochies and coyote spoons that are three to four inches in size are popular choices. According to the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife, the Atlantic salmon stay close to the shore. Therefore, fishing in the shallow waters along the shoreline may be ideal. You may also see them jumping or finning on the surface of the water.

Bass

Lake Michigan thrives with both largemouth and smallmouth bass. Bass can be found in both freshwater and saltwater. The largemouth bass flourishes more on shallow bodies of water while smallmouth bass prefers rivers and rocky habitats. Both can still be found in the lake.

Both largemouth and smallmouth bass are popular game fish among angler. The largemouth bass is the largest species of black bass. The largest recorded largemouth bass reached the length of 75 centimeters and an estimated weight of 11.4 kilograms. For smallmouth bass, the largest recorded is approximately 27 inches and 12 pounds heavy.

The largemouth bass is known to put up a fight when hooked. This fish may jump in their effort for freedom. However, it’s believed that the smallmouth bass can beat them. Many anglers catch largemouth bass with lures, spinnerbaits, crankbaits, and jigs. When it’s cloudy with little to no sun, bass comes out of their shelters. This would make the best time to fish for them. When it’s sunny, they’re likely to hide in their shelter. In spring, when the water temperature is between 55 to 65 degrees, it’s the time for pre-spawn. Largemouth bass can get close to the shore at around this time, making it easier to catch them.

For smallmouth bass, spinnerbaits and buzz baits are a popular choice for anglers. Big smallmouth bass will position themselves in areas where they can easily find food. They may stay where the current will push their food. Bigger lures can also catch bigger smallmouth bass.

Brook Trout

The brook trout is Michigan’s state fish. Legislators chose the trout as the state’s fish in 1965, but this was only specified as the brook trout in 1988. Fly fishermen call the brook trout as the gentlemen trout for being more active during the day. At average, the brook trout can grow between 25 to 65 centimeters and 0.3 to 3 kilograms. The largest brook trout recorded is 86 centimeters and 6.6 kilograms.

The brook trout was popular to anglers during the colonial times. Their population decreased in the 19th century around the urban areas. Today, anglers release brook trout after catching to preserve its population.

Brook trout are known biters. This means they are easily caught by live bait like worms and bugs. Small spinners are also good choices to catch brook trouts. Brook trouts feed most during the early mornings or dusk, making these times the best time to fish for them.

Brown Trout

The brown trout is native in Europe and Asia. Their species was first imported to Michigan in 1883. The brown trout grow up to 20 kilograms and 100 centimeters at average. In 2013, the largest brown trout was caught. It weighed 42 pounds and 1 ounce.

The brown trout is a popular game for anglers in Michigan. Brown trouts also have good eyesight, therefore the lightest line is advisable. They are known to put more of a fight during sunny weather. So if it’s a challenge that you’re looking for, it’s best to fish for them when the sun is up.

Spinners and spoons are popular baits for brown trout. Using bait with similar colors as the brown trout will also work, given that bigger trouts eat the small ones. Often, brown trouts will eat any kind of live bait as well. The colors orange and yellow make for the best bait as well.

Chinook Salmon

Chinook salmon are known as kings for being strong and difficult to catch. They were introduced into the Michigan waters in the 1870s. Since then, they dominated over the salmon species within the Great Lakes, including Lake Michigan.

Chinooks are often caught in deeper water. The adult chinook salmon can grow between 24 to 36 inches and 4.5 to 22.7 kilograms. The largest chinook salmon that was recorded weighed 57 kilograms.

Most anglers catch chinook salmons not for their size, but for their meat. When finishing in Lake Michigan, it’s best to fish for them in late summer or early fall. Chinook salmon are predators, so they will attack the lure. With these type of salmon, it’s important to put the lure low enough for them to spot.

Coho Salmon

Coho salmon are also known as the silver salmon. They were first introduced in Michigan in the 1960s. They flourish in Lake Michigan all year, but the best time to catch them on the east side of the lake during early spring, late summer, and early fall.

Mature coho salmon can grow up to 28 inches and 3.2 to 5 kilograms at average. The largest coho salmon that was caught measured 42.75 inches and weighed 15.4 kilograms.

Most lures are likely to work on coho salmons. For better chances, the color orange is advisable. Minnow baits work as well. The best times to fish for coho salmon are early mornings and late afternoons.

Sunfish

Sunfish are found nearly in every body of water in Michigan. With the lakes rich in sunfish, they’re often the first fish that anglers would catch. Bluegills are the type of sunfish that is more abundant and most often targeted by anglers.

There are plenty of types of sunfish. Most grow up to 7.9 to 11.8 inches in length. The largest sunfish recorded to be caught was in 2014. The fish weighed 5 pounds and 12.8 ounces, measuring at 17 inches long.

For most days, sunfish prefer to be in shallow parts of the water. This is most likely the case during spring and summer. During colder seasons, they may reach into deeper waters. When catching sunfish, the most effective way is by using a bait and a rig. Live baits such as worms and small leeches are good choices. Leeches may be a good idea if you’re aiming for larger sunfishes.

Pink Salmon

This species of salmon was accidentally introduced in Lake Superior and spread throughout the other Great Lakes. This includes Lake Michigan. At average, they weigh 2.2 kilograms. The largest pink salmon that was recorded weighed 6.8 kilogram and 30 inches.

Pink salmon are grown in fish farms for their meat. Spin fishing is one of the most effective ways to catch pink salmon. Pink salmon usually gather in a moderately slow or still water. Using bright pink lures can also increase the chances of catching pink salmon. Their jaws can develop thickly, so keeping the hooks sharp is ideal.

Whitefish

Whitefish are farmed and caught for their meat. Lately, however, they have become popular targets for recreational fishing within the Great Lakes. Whitefish that flourish within freshwater lakes are often called as humpback fish. This is coined because of the fish’s small head in comparison to their long bodies.

On average, they can grow up to 31 inches and weigh only 4 pounds. The largest one that was caught was 15 pounds and 6 ounces.

A hook and worm combination is one of the most popular ways to catch whitefish. With their small heads and small mouths, small baits are ideal for catching whitefish. Whitefish love cold temperatures. In early summer, they can be found in shallow areas. When the temperature rises, they move deeper.

White Bass

The white bass love to roam. This makes them difficult to spot in open waters. But once spotted, they become easy fishes to catch due to their tendency to group together. White bass is known to be biters as well, making them it easy to catch them with baits. However, they can be easily frightened. In such case, white bass may be reluctant to bite.

A mature white bass can grow up to 10 to 12 inches, but they can grow up to 17 inches. The largest white bass was caught in 1989 and in 2010, both weighing at 3.1 kilograms.

One of the best times to fish for white bass is during early mornings or late evenings. At these times, white bass would feed in groups near shallow waters. While they’re feeding, it’s easy to lure them using live bait or tail spinner. But as mentioned, white bass are easily scared. When a school of white bass is spotted, it’s best to toss the line beyond where the fishes are. Then, slowly reel in to enter where the school is.

Yellow Perch

The yellow perch is one of the most frequently caught fishes in Michigan. They’re native to North American freshwaters and are often caught for their meat. The name perch is from early Greek language that means “becoming gold”.

At their adult stages, yellow perch can grow between 3.9 to 11.4 inches. The largest yellow perch recorded was caught in 1865. It was 18 inches large and 4 pounds and 3 ounces heavy.

To catch a yellow perch, live bait is often the most effective way. Yellow perch are active biters, so live baits and even artificial lures can do the trick. But yellow perch are known to steal baits from the hook. It’s best to keep the bait on the tip of the hook to get better chances of catching them.

These are only some of the specie that you’ll find in Lake Michigan. With its abundance of aquatic life, fishing is truly a great activity in Lake Michigan. Along its 1,660 miles of shoreline, there are plenty of great fishing spots in all states that the lake reaches. But before you hit the waters, make sure to check with your state’s fishing regulation to avoid any potential problems.

Whether you’re looking to catch some prize, something to put on the table, or catch for sport and return the fishes back to the water, the Great Lake promises variety and excitement. If you’re heading out, make sure to bring along one of our Michigan Fishing Boat t-shirts to show everyone you mean business.

from LIVNFRESH http://blog.livnfresh.com/types-of-fish-and-how-to-catch-them-lake-michigan/

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Lake Michigan and its Relationship with Ice

Bodies of water are always a spot for recreation. Whether it be swimming, boating, fishing, or studying the creatures that live in it because studying can be fun too. They are most popular during summer when the temperatures rise and everyone wants to find a way to cool off or find that one relaxing spot where they can quietly spend the warm afternoon doing whatever it is they want. In Lake Michigan, swimmers, divers, and anglers come plenty.

What about when the temperatures drop? Only the bravest souls dare swim or dive in the icy waters. Very select fish are active during winter, and if you forgot to dry dock your boat, it could get stuck on the ice. What happens to Lake Michigan during the winter months?

What is the Current Temperature of Lake Michigan?

In order to find a baseline to compare how warm or how cold it can get, we need to understand the lake’s average temperature. Of course, it varies during the day and night, and the water’s surface temperature is significantly warmer than the deeper parts.

As of this year, meteorologists forecast that the lakes would (obviously) have warmer temperatures during the warmer season. Lake temperatures during summer and spring were measured at 30 to 32 degrees Celsius or 86 to 90 degrees Fahrenheit, especially around the shores. During the night, it dropped down to 21 to 23 degrees Celsius or 62 to 68 degrees Fahrenheit.

Presently, as the temperatures drop down in preparation for the colder seasons, Lake Michigan has an average temperature of 19 to 23 degrees Celsius or 65 to 72 degrees Fahrenheit.

According to the weather analysis of last year, the lake was 3 degrees cooler than this year, on both scales. They suspect that it would get progressively warmer next year, with the cold season dropping the temperatures as much as it raised.

According to temperature forecasts for this year’s winter, the lake surface could have temperatures constantly below freezing, or just slightly above freezing. Without El Nino around, we’re going to expect cooler days.

Does Lake Michigan Freeze Over Winter?

Yes, definitely. The ice forms where the water is most shallow, so on normal winter seasons, the entire shoreline is frozen over, with the ice going as thick as six inches. This is, however, an average as actual ice thickness can wildly vary. In general, the thickest ice is always the shoreline and it thins the closer you are to the middle.

When you plan to traverse the icy surface of the lake, always remember these tips, which can save your life.

  • Don’t judge by its looks. Transparent blue ice is often thicker ice. Opaque ice is often weaker than it looks, regardless of how thick it is.
  • Don’t use ice thickness as a judge of strength. Four inches of clear bluish ice can be stronger than a foot of milky white ice.
  • Even if you’re just around the shoreline, always carry ice picks or ice claws.
  • Even if you know the place, it’s best to ask a local shop or nearby authorities where the ice is thickest or thinnest.
  • Always assume that snow-covered ice is weak. Despite the temperatures, snow can act as an insulator, which means the water below it is warmer, making thinner ice.
  • A warm winter day won’t melt the ice easily. Altering warm and cold days causes porous and weak ice.
  • When you are in a group, never walk in a line. Scatter your weight along the ice.
  • Always make sure a responsible adult is aware that you’re going to the ice, even if you’re a responsible adult yourself.
  • Wear a life jacket or a snowmobile jacket with bright colors, so you’ll be easy to spot and if you fall, you’ll easily float.
  • If ever you fall, don’t shed your clothes. Heavy and baggy clothes will actually trap air and help you float, and will keep you warm for a few precious minutes.
  • If you fall, go to the ice in the same direction you came from. It’s likely stronger ice and can support you when you try to climb back up.
  • Once you get yourself up, roll away from the weak ice. Distribute your weight
  • If you do fall and manage to get back up. Call for help immediately and go to the shore as best you can. Hypothermia and frostbite can happen in minutes.
  • When you get help, drink something warm and avoid alcoholic or caffeinated drinks.
  • Above all else, call 911 or at least get medical attention. A minute in near-freezing water is enough to cause damage to your skin, muscles and internal organs.

Has Lake Michigan Ever Frozen Over?

The lake itself has a strange habit of freezing wider during warmer winters and doing the opposite in colder times. There’s a certain dynamic around the great lakes that makes ice formation so unpredictable, some of them lasting well during summer. But has the lake ever frozen over completely?

Almost. During the early 1990’s, there were records stating that nearly 95% of the lake was frozen. It was not a particularly cold winter season, but it preceded a warmer spring. Only a visible span in the middle of the lake was reportedly not frozen.

On average though, nearly 45% of the lake is frozen during winter. Mostly around the shores, with a few small islands inside the lake responsible for producing ice in the middle.

What is the Area of Lake Michigan?

To get an idea how much ice covers Lake Michigan every winter you need to find out how big the lake actually is. Lengthwise, north to south, it spans just around 494 kilometers. Its width is around 146 kilometers from east to west. This means the total surface area of the lake is approximately 58,000 square kilometers. That’s around 20,000 to 24,000 square kilometers of ice during a normal winter.

Despite how the lake freezes over during winter, Lake Michigan’s patrons never waver. There’s always something to enjoy and something to experience.

And if you’re planning on spending some time on the lake when it’s frigid out, make sure to bring along a warm hoodie to keep comfortable out there.

from LIVNFRESH http://blog.livnfresh.com/the-relationship-between-lake-michigan-and-ice/

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