What animals and Plants Live in Lake Superior?

Native Fish
Other Creatures
Invasive Species 

Lake Superior is not just a lake by name; it is the largest freshwater lake in the world. The lake’s volume is so humongous that it can cover both North and South America in at least one foot of water. With an average depth if 147 meters or 483 feet of water, Lake Superior had claimed a huge number of water vessels lost at sea. To date, a record of 350 shipwrecks succumbed to its treacherous waters along with thousands of people who died in these ill-fated travels.

The lake holds up to 10 percent of all the fresh surface water on Earth and covers 82,000 sq km or 31,700 sq mi. Because of its size, Lake Superior takes pride in hosting thousands of plants and animals, which make up its diverse ecology. Lake Superior serves as a home to 78 different species of fish alone alongside many, many other life forms.

Native Fish

With all that water Lake Superior contains, it’s no wonder that many varieties of fish species thrive in the area. Anglers usually hunt for varieties of fish like perch, shiners, and trout. A lot of people can even reel in nocturnal fish that feeds at the bottom of the lake including deepwater sculpin.

One of the most peculiar fish species in Lake Superior is probably the burbot. Because of its strange long body, the fish is known to many as eelpout. Burbot spawns before the ice begins to melts.

Plantlife in Lake Superior

Sandy soils that are acidic in nature most often than not surround the shorelines and coasts of Lake Superior. These type of soils known as poor fens are commonly found in extreme northern climate. Many carnivorous plants thrive on these poor fens because of slow decomposition rates. Plant life that flourishes in Lake Superior includes buckbean, marsh, St. Johns-wort, pitcher plants and bog rosemary.  Due to ever-changing seasons and climate change, marshes can also occur around the lake. There plants like bulrush, blue-joint grass, bell-flower thrives. In some days, one can even spot meadow willow and meadowsweet, type of shrub-like plants.

Other Creatures at Lake Superior

Aside from fish species, there are other aquatic animals that thrive in Lake Superior. These creatures make up the bottom part of the Lake Superior’s food chain. Other larger animals on the lake feed on these aquatic animals which includes water fleas, copepods, rotifers, zooplankton, and phytoplankton. Some of these creatures feed on each other in order to survive the harsh reality of the lake’s diverse ecosystem.

Abundant tiny invertebrates dwell on Lake Superior like chironomids and mayfly whose presence indicates the very healthy water condition of the lake. These also include snails, clams, shrimp, and amphipods. Countless ships and boats that traverse in the Great Lake waters introduced some of these tiny water creatures in Lake Superior.  

However, as industrialization kicks in, the waterways of the Great Lakes become so accessible to all sea vessels, some invasive fish species make their way to dwell well in Lake Superior’s ecosystem. These creatures threaten the good balance of the marine ecosystem in Lake Superior.

Invasive Species

Invasive plants life like the Eurasian watermilfoil often formed dense clumps submerged underwater. These plants disrupt the fun of fishing and other water activities such as boating.

One of the most dangerous invasive species in Lake Superior is the sea lamprey, a jawless sea parasite that came from the Atlantic Ocean. It’s one of the most aggressive predators in Lake Superior, only one of seven fish can survive their attacks. Some invasive species tag along with the bottom of the boat that sails in the Great Lakes these include quagga, rusty crayfish, and not to mention the notorious zebra mussels. The zebra mussels and the quagga pose a great threat to the native reducing their size and even causing extinctions in other parts of the lake.

If you plan on visiting the Great Lakes or Lake Superior, stay warm at night with one of our stylish and comfortable Michigan hoodies.

from LIVNFRESH http://blog.livnfresh.com/plant-and-animal-life-you-can-find-in-lake-superior/

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Best Colorado Resorts for Powder Skiing and Snowboarding

Telluride Ski Resort
Arapahoe Basin Ski Resort

One of the best and most fulfilling acts that you can do if you love skiing and snowboarding is to visit a ski resort before trails are worn in and the snow is still powder. Skiing  on powder takes some time, focus and body athleticism. One more thing you need to know about snowboarding or skiing powder is that the snow must be of good quality. This means that the resort where you glide on the snow should have the appropriate environment. Junior snowboarding or skiing trail runs in Colorado will also increase the chances of you finally mastering powder skiing.

The following two resorts are absolutely perfect if you’re thinking of finally going the extra mile to do an awesome powder skiing session.

Telluride Ski Resort

One of the ways to make sure that you can do powder skiing is that the snow is dry. This means that you have better chances at doing a successful powder skiing move with how much higher the elevation or altitude yes for your runs. With more than 2,000 acres you can ski on, this mountain resort has the highest vertical drop among all of the mountain skiing resorts in Colorado.

It has 120 trail runs for skiing and snowboarding. The great thing about that high number is that around 50% is devoted to beginners and those who are in the intermediate levels regarding their skills on skiing and snowboarding.  This one has more than 12,000 feet elevation. This resort also receives more than 300 inches of snow each winter.

There are a lot of great pathways in this resort so you can definitely find an area where you can practice. With how good the resort is, there is no doubt that at the very least you will enjoy your stay.

Arapahoe Basin Ski Resort

This skiing resort is known for having the longest skiing and snowboarding season. They usually close the season around June and sometimes even the first week of July. This is rather long compared to other resorts that close around April. This also has the highest skiable elevation in the country at more than 13,000 feet. The terrain in this ski resort is amazing for skiers and snowboarders from intermediate to expert levels due to steep slopes and rougher mountains. The most notorious among the locals and experienced snowboarders would be the East wall. This is where the more complicated terrain is present.

If you want a more exclusive feel to your powder skiing, you can try the resort’s own terrain park called the Exhibition. True to its name, you can exhibit and perform live tricks and perfect your powder skiing. For a more modern and hardcore terrain, then you can also head out to the Montezuma Bowl. This bowl has everything from sprawling intermediate runs to more advanced challenges.

Whichever of the two resorts you choose, you can be assured that you would have prime conditions to finally learn and even master powder skiing. The wonderful views and friendly staff is just the icing on the cake. And after an exciting day of hitting the slopes, make sure to have a comfy sweatshirt to relax in like our Colorado Native Unisex Two Tone Fleece Hoodie.

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What Kinds of Fish Can I Catch in Lake Superior?

Lake Trout
Smallmouth Bass
Huge Catches
Fishing Facts and Tips

Lake Superior isn’t some arbitrary name, it is actually the largest freshwater lake in the world. It holds approximately 3,000 cubic miles of water –a total of all the other Great Lakes of America including another three Lake Eries. The lake spreads about 350 miles from west to east and 160 miles from north to south. The shoreline stretches about 2,800 miles long and touches the state of Michigan, Minnesota, Wisconsin, and Ontario. With an average depth of 500 feet, the deepest goes as far as 1,332 feet, Lake Superior is far the coldest of all the Great Lakes.  The surroundings of Lake Superior is primarily composed of the forested environment with poor soil and a cool climate. It’s by far the most sparsely populated among the Great Lakes.

Known for its crystal clear water, the lake’s water is cold and serves as a perfect environment for Salmon to thrive. The salmon species in Lake Superior are very much abundant – Chinook salmon, coho salmon, and pink salmon. Pink salmon were first intentionally introduced into Lake Superior, which then found its way to other Great Lakes.

Other fish species also thrive in Lake Superior, here are some of their descriptions:

Lake Trout

The average lake trout weighs about 2 to 3 pounds the biggest exceeds about 40 pounds. It prefers cold water, and its best to reel them in deeper parts as the temperature rises.

Salmon: Atlantic, Chinook, Coho, and Pink

The size of the salmon varies but one can easily catch one in Lake Superior waters and its tributaries. Some anglers claimed that Pink salmon turn in during odd-number years and caught late summer. Chinooks and Coho prefer cooler water and are abundant in early July. On the other hand, Atlantics thrive on the first weeks of October.

Smallmouth Bass

Smallmouth bass is rather a small weighing about 1 pound but are feisty fishes. They are found in shallow waters and moving deeper as the water temperature rises.


Walleye fishes weigh about 1 to 2 pounds but can exceed 10 pounds each. They are also found in shallow waters and swim deeper as the temperature increases. It’s best to catch them in early morning and evening. Anglers look for signs of  “walleye chop” or waves on the surface water as an indication of an abundant harvest.

Huge Catches

Here are some of  the biggest fish caught in the Great Lakes:

  • Atlantic Salmon: 12 pounds, 13 oz; in Baptism River at Tettegouche State Park
  • Brown Trout: 16 pounds 12 oz, Lake Superior, northeast of Two Harbors
  • Chinook Salmon: [shared record] 33 pounds 4 oz, Poplar River, Lutsen and Lake Superior, near Duluth
  • Coho Salmon: 10 pounds 6.5 oz, Lake Superior, northeast of Two Harbors
  • Lake Trout: 43 pounds 8 oz, Lake Superior, Hovland
  • Lake Whitefish: 10 pounds 6 oz, Lake Superior, northeast of Lutsen
  • Pink Salmon: 4 pounds 8 oz, Cascade River, Lutsen
  • Steelhead Rainbow: 16 pounds 6 oz, Devil Track River, Grand Marais
  • Walleye: 17 pounds 8oz, Seagull River, end of the Gunflint Trail

All About Fishing

Anglers and boating enthusiasts go to Lake Superior its tributaries and streams for its abundant fish harvest. Many of them reel in lake trout, brook trout, walleye, smallmouth bass, northern pike, perch, along with varieties of salmon.

Even those who would just want to go fishing without a boat can easily throw their fishing line in any public access areas and state parks along Lake Superior. There is a lot of fishing piers littered along the lake or hire a charter. There are fishing charters in Two Harbors, Duluth, Grand Marais and Silver Bay.

No equipment yet? No problem. Tackle, bait, licenses and all sorts of gears are available in most gas stations and outfitters along the shores. If fishing for trout, don’t forget to get a trout stamp. Savvy anglers can find good fishing harvest for a variety of species all year long on Lake Superior. Because of the lake sheer size, it can be intimidating.

For boaters, it is important to prevent aquatic invasive species from spreading. These kinds of species can cause significant harm to an environment when introduced. Some of the devastating effects of invasive species include diminishing fish populations and polluted waters. Every boater should check their equipment onboard properly to prevent this devastating effect.

Follow these steps when leaving a body of water:

  • Clean boat thoroughly including trailer & fishing equipment
  • Drain all water from the boat or buckets
  • Dispose of any unused bait in the designated trash cans
  • Dry the boat and equipment properly

When you’re ready to go fishing at Lake Superior, make sure to bring a warm hoodie along like our awesome Michigan D Tailgate Hoodie.

from LIVNFRESH http://blog.livnfresh.com/fishing-in-lake-superior-and-the-types-of-salmon-to-catch/

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How deep is Lake Superior where the SS Edmund Fitzgerald sank?

The Wreck of the Edmund Fitzgerald
How the Ship was Used
When and Where it Sank

Lake Superior belongs to the Great Lakes of North America which spreads 750 miles from east to west of the continent. It forms the largest freshwater system on the planet. In all of the five Great Lakes, Lake Superior stands as the biggest and widest lake of all. With a total water surface of 82,000 sq km or 31,700 sq mi and an average depth of 147 meters or 483 feet, many sea vessels succumb to its ever-changing currents. Its reputation even earned a song entitled “The Wreck of the Edmund Fitzgerald” (1976, Moose Music, Ltd.) that goes:

The Wreck of the Edmund Fitzgerald

“The lake it is said never gives up her dead

when the skies of November turn gloomy

With a load of iron ore 26,000 tons more

than the Edmund Fitzgerald weighed empty….”

“The ship was the pride of the American side

comin’ back from some mill in Wisconsin

As the big freighters go it was bigger than most…”

The song was a tribute to the world famous SS Edmund Fitzgerald and the men who lost their lives from the sinking.

How the SS Edmund Fitzgerald was Used

For nearly two decades, the Fitzgerald transported taconite iron ore from the mines in Duluth, Minnesota to the iron industry of Detroit, Michigan. The ship weighted 13,632 tons and measuring 729 feet long, making it as the largest carrier ever sailed on the Great Lakes until 1971. She often sailed and braved the Great Lakes setting seasonal haul records of six times and has a reputation for breaking her previous record. Fitzgerald became the first ship to traverse the Great Lakes carrying more than a million tons of ore passing through the Soo Locks in 1964.

Back in her prime days, the Fitzgerald was named as the “The Pride of the American Flag.”

Sinking of the SS Edmund Fitzgerald

On November 10, 1975, the country saw the worst shipping disaster on the Great Lakes when the SS Edmund Fitzgerald sank in Lake Superior. A severe storm took the lives of all 29 crew on board the veteran sea vessel.

SS Edmund Fitzgerald embarked on her ill-fated voyage from Superior, Wisconsin. She was carrying an approximate load of 26,000 tons of ore bound to Detroit, Michigan. Seasoned sailor with 44 years of experience, Captain Ernest M. McSorley contacted another sea vessel SS Arthur M. Anderson en route to Detroit.

Before leaving the port, a storm was starting to form but reported only as a typical November storm. However, about 2:00 am the NWS upgraded the gale warning to storm warning. The veteran captain decided to take the safer route to avoid treacherous waves of the storm. Even though the route northward would take them to a safer path, the two ships were caught in a severe storm with waves recorded at 35 feet high.

Fitzgerald sank 530 feet or 160m deep in the Canadian waters about 17 miles near the twin cities of Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan and Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario. On a perfect day, Fitzgerald could have covered the distance in less than two hours on her top speed.

Even with stories like this, there is much more to love and enjoy about the Great Lakes. Celebrate these beautiful waters with a Great Lakes Girl Hoodie.

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How to Ski and Save in Colorado

Get Tickets Online
Get a Snow Pass
visit the Gems
Get Tickets in 4
Check Out the Promos

Planning to go skiing in Colorado? While we deserve to indulge every once in a while, we might think twice when we imagine the potential total bill of our next escapade. Let’s face it: we all need a vacation, but we still have bills to pay.

The great thing about planning ahead on our next trip is that you have a chance to check on the best deals. These deals can save you as much money as you can without sacrificing the fun. That’s right, get all the ski adventure in Colorado that you need without breaking the bank!

So, how can you get these deals?

Get your tickets online

Already know when, where, and how long you will be skiing? Then it’s time to get your tickets! Booking your ski resort in advance gives you a chance to get discounts. You can check on online booking websites or on your chosen resort’s websites for the deals they offer. You’ll save some money and reserve your spot on their resort. All that’s left is packing and heading up to your destination.

Get a Pass

Planning to go skiing more often this year? Get a season pass that’s right for you. These season pass will get you access to Colorado’s ski resorts all season.

Want to hit up as many resorts you can in Colorado? The Rocky Mountain Super Pass Plus may be the season pass for you! Ski and ride all you want in Winter Park Resort, Copper Mountain, and Eldora Mountain. You also get 6 days access to Steamboat, and 3 days access to Crested Butte.

The Epic Pass can get you unlimited skiing to many resorts all across the country, including Breckenridge, Keystone, Beaver Creek, Vail, and Arapahoe Basin. Visit their websites to get more information.

Take a Trip to the Gems

The Colorado gems are the smaller ski resorts in Colorado that will get you all the fun, but without the crowd. Getting the Colorado Gems Card grants you a discount on all the Colorado Gems resorts. That’s up to 30% off on Arapahoe Basin, Echo Mountain, Eldora, Hesperus, Loveland, Monarch Mountain, Powderhorn, Ski Cooper, Ski Granby Ranch, and Sunlight.

Get your Tickets in 4

If you plan on skiing for 4 days this season, getting a 4-day pass on selected resorts can give you big savings. Resorts that have 4-day passes include Copper Mountain, Aspen, Winter Park Resort, and Arapahoe Basin. If 4 days is not enough, you can check out these resorts’ websites to see what other offers they have in store.

Check out the Latest Promos

During the ski season, you can bet that many major stores and corporation have promos to cater to skiing enthusiasts. Go online, check social media, and you’ll find other stores and businesses that sponsor discounts for ski and lift tickets.

However you want to spend your skiing trip, you’ll find a deal that is best suited to your plans. The earlier you start looking, the more chances you’ll get the best deals for your next adventure.

And whether on or off the slopes, keep warm with our attractive two-tone Colorado women’s hoodie.

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Who was the first European who saw Lake Superior?

Historic Events on the Shores of Lake Superior
Exploration and the Fur Trade
Etienne Brule

Lake Superior is the biggest of all Great Lakes in the entire North and South America.  Because of the vastness of land of the lake, it is difficult to trace the pre-contact history of Lake Superior. There is a handful of information about its history and even rarer archaeological sites. Only three prehistoric sites existed along this Great Lake. The early history of the lake is only based on what is known from regions of Canada and Wisconsin.

Historic Events Along Lake Superior’s Shores

Most people can agree on several historic events along the shorelines of Lake Superior.

Around 8000 B.C. a time where the Wisconsin glaciers melted, Archaic Indian people settled in the shorelines of this Great Lake. The next known settlers arrived about 500 B.C. and trading goods and metal wares in other parts of the country. Archaeologists found mysterious circular stone structures known as “Pukaskwa pits” along the eastern shores of Lake Superior. These unique stone features are believed to build by the native people around 1100 and 1600.

The Ojibwe tribe inhabited Lake Superior region for more than 500 years and soon after followed by Dakota, Fox, Menominee, Nipigon, Noquet and Gros Ventres.  They all referred to Lake Superior as Ojibwe Gichigami meaning “the Ojibwe’s Great Sea”.

Exploration and Fur Trade

During the boom of the fur trade worldwide, French explorers traverse Lake Superior for the first time in the mid-1600s. The first European to set eyes on Lake Superior is no other than Etienne Brule in 1620. The arrival of French explorers in Lake Superior marks the landing of the Mayflower at Plymouth on that same year.

Soon after the French established their fur posts in Grand Portage and in Duluth which became a major trading center.  The French were also liable in mapping the Midwest. When they reached the northern part of the Mississippi River, they claimed the area as a territory for King Louis the XIV.

Etienne Brule

Brule was an indentured sailor, and wilderness guide to the Great Lakes and Georgian Bay. He was an astute interpreter and mineral finder. Some believed he may have traveled as far as the west region of Isle Royale.

Even as an explorer the life of Etienne Brule remains a mystery. He was born in 1591 in Champigny-sur-Marne near Paris. Many believed he was on onboard the Samuel de Champlain in 1608 that traveled to Quebec and was the first foreigner to see and give an oral description of Ottawa Valley, Georgian Bay, Pennsylvania and the other four of the Great Lakes.

He was a scout, pathfinder who eventually becomes an interpreter or truchemnet between the French and the Amerindian allies. Brule also played an essential role in scouting ahead of the journeys of Samuel de Champlain, Gabriel Sagard, Jean Nicolet, Nicolas Perrot and other Europeans who traversed the Great Lakes.

Unfortunately, he left no written records of his explorations. He was known only to the writings of Samuel de Champlain, Gabriel Sagard, and Jean de Brébeuf.  Nevertheless, Brule becomes a mineral finder, language instructor, and adopted a member of the Huron Bear clan before he was murder in his late 30s.

After exploring and falling in love with the Great Lakes yourself, check out our comfortable and attractive line of Great Lakes shirts and hoodies!

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Get Ski Passes in Colorado

Rocky Mountain Super Pass Plus
Epic Pass
Peak Pass Plus
The Copper Pass

Planning ahead for your next ski trip has its advantages. You can save up for the trip, you can list down what you want to do, you’ll avoid leaving something behind due to last-minute packing, and you can check all the great deals.

Colorado is a popular choice for snow sports enthusiasts. With so many mountains and resorts to choose from, visiting Colorado for your next ski trip is definitely a great idea. If you want to get the most out of your money, here are some ski pass deals that you can get for your next trip.

Rocky Mountain Super Pass Plus

Get access to 5 mountain resorts in Colorado in one pass! The Rocky Mountain Super Pass Plus gives you unlimited access to Winter Park Resort, Copper Mountain, and Eldora Mountain Resort. You also get 6 days access to Steamboat and 3 days to Crested Butte. Thinking of trying out other places? This pass will also grant you 3 days access each to Mt. Bachelor in Oregon and Alyeska Resort in Alaska. You even get passes to resorts in Japan, New Zealand, and Iceland. All of that for $999. This pass also honors discounts for children, teens, seniors, military, and college students.

To purchase and get more details about this pass, go to https://www.skicolorado.com.

Epic Pass

Want to gain access to more of Colorado’s popular ski resorts? Epic Pass has you covered. Whether you plan to go skiing for only 4 days or you want to be able to return as much as you want for the year, there’s an Epic Pass for you. An Epic Pass can get you access to Vail, Beaver Creek, Breckenridge, Keystone and Arapahoe Basin. The passes can also get you access to many more resorts all across the country and even overseas.

To purchase and get more details about this pass, go to https://www.epicpass.com.

Peak Pass Plus

Get unlimited lift access to Crested Butte Mountain Resort and more discounts with the Peak Pass Plus. You’ll also get 3 days access each to Monarch Mountain, Steamboat Resort, Purgatory Resort, Ski Cooper and Powder Alliance Ski Areas. For Loveland Ski Area and Powderhorn Resort, you’ll get three days access to each at half the price. Lastly, enjoy three combined days at Copper Mountain and Winter Park Resort. You can either choose to spend three full days at either of these two resorts or split the days between the two. All of these for $1,479.

To purchase and get more details about this pass, go to http://www.skicb.com.

The Copper Pass

Copper Mountain Resort is one of the most popular destinations for skiing in Colorado. With the Copper Pass, you’ll get unlimited skiing and rides in Copper Mountain. The pass also includes 3 days each at Purgatory Resort and Monarch Mountain. You’ll also get 3 days of skiing at Taos Ski Valley in New Mexico. Get these for $599. Discounts for minors, college students and seniors may be applied.

To purchase and get more details about this pass, go to www.coppercolorado.com.

Whether you were born and raised in Colorado or you love the state so much you might as well have been, check out our Colorado Home Grown line to find your next favorite shirt or sweatshirt.

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